Uluwatu Temple Bali is a Hindu temple set on the cliff bank in the south part of the Bali Peninsula. It is one of Sad Kahyangan Temple in Bali (six big groups of Bali Temples), located in Pecatu Village, Sub district of South Kuta, and Badung Regency or about 25 Km southerly part of Denpasar town.
Uluwatu Temple Bali is situated on the coral reef sordid to sea about 90 meters above sea level. It is featured by a small dry forest which is mostly called by Alas Kekeran (interdict forest) which belongs to the temple and dwelt by a lot of monkeys and other animals.
The name of Uluwatu came from the word ULU meaning the head and WATU meaning stone. Therefore Uluwatu Temple means the temple built on a coral reef.
Uluwatu Temple Bali History
In the right and left of the temple building or Pelinggih Ida Bagus Ratu Jurit located in the complex of Uluwatu Temple, there are two stone managers that look like a boat. When both of them are united, hence it looks similar to sarcophagus, the famous stone from megalithic era culture.
There is archaeology omission coming from 16 centuries in the form of an arch or winged entrance gate. The Winged entrance gate is one of the scarce archaeology omissions. The Winged entrance gate that is existing in Uluwatu Temple (a period of its making) can be compared with the same one located in the mosque complex in Sendangduwur Village, Lamongan, East Java.
The period of its making is relevant with the year Candrasengkala found at this inscription. Candrasengkala founded in the mosque is written by the wording Gunaning Salira Tirta Hayu meaning year 1483 Saka or 1561 Masehi.
If the sarcophagus that exists in the Dalem Jurit complex area represents the artifact, hence Uluwatu Temple represents the place sanctified since the era of megalithic culture (About 500 S.M).
The papyrus of Usana Bali mentioned that Mpu Kuturan (The Hindu Priest who spread out Hinduism in Bali) had built a lot of temples on this island one of them was Uluwatu Temple. In the papyrus of Dwijendra Tatwa has been elaborated that Mpu Kuturan had visited this temple twice those are:
- The first visit when he conducts the Tirtha Yatra (the journey to visit the holy places). His heart had jolted and heard a soul whisper that place good for worshiping God when arrive in Uluwatu. On that time, he chose this place as a place for Ngeluwur (re of soul /dead leave without body to return to the origin/moksa).
Pursuant to the consideration then he set a mind to build the Parhayangan or extend the building of Uluwatu Temple which there have previously. When Mpu Kuturan extend the building of Uluwatu Temple, he build the hostel as a residence, and then the ex- the hostel building is used by the local people as a shrine named the Gong Hill Temple (Pura Bukit Gong).
The building of Parhyangan in Uluwatu Temple is done by Mpu Kuturan in the early 16 century after he lifted to become the Purohita (priest of king adviser) from the king of Dalem Waturenggong commander in the year 1460-1552.
- Mpu Kuturan on his second visit has reached the nature Moksa. OnTuesday of Kliwon Medangsya (Balinese Calendar), it was witnessed by a fisherman, his name Ki Pasek Nambangan, he looked the flash with very bright light step into the space called Ngeluwur.
Implicit at papyrus Padma Bhuwana that Uluwatu Temple draws in the direction that is located in Southwest functioning to worship the Rudra God, one of the god in nine gods (Dewata Nawa Sanga).
Rudra God is the Deity Siwa as Pemralina or returns to provenance. This papyrus also mentions that Uluwatu Temple is the Kahyangan World worshiped by entire Hindu people.
Since this area is open to the public, it is visited by many people from all over the world because it has a beautiful panorama with spectacular sunset and stunning view of the Indian Ocean and deep the cliff bank. It is perfect to visit in Bali.
How to visit Uluwatu Temple Bali ?
It is very easy to locate the Uluwatu Temple where you can reach it by any kind of vehicle. There is a good road passing Jimbaran countryside and go the one way to this temple.
Uluwatu is one of the most beautiful Hindu Temple and is famous on Bali Island. You can do simply join the Uluwatu Temple Tour with Bali Green Tour to discover the whole story of this site and you also have a chance to have Uluwatu Tour Package as your preferable choice on your vacation in Bali.
Location Uluwatu Temple Bali on google maps
Uluwatu Temple Bali is one of the famous Bali Tourist Attraction